Shaban has significant importance in Islam. It is among the sacred months in which battle is prohibited. The night in this month between the 14th and 15th of Shaban (15th night of Shaban) called as the night of Magfirah and has more significant in Islam. It has many virtues, among which fasting makes the way to reach Allah. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) used to fast more in Shaban than during Ramadan.
The Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said about this month,
“It is a month where people manage to neglect, between the months of Rajab and Ramadan. It is a month in which the deeds are raised to the Lord of the worlds, and I like my deeds to be raised while I am fasting.”
What is the importance of the 15th night of Shaban?
The 15th night of Shaban or Shab-e-Barat is when Qibla was changed from Mosque Al-Aqsa in Jerusalem to the Mosque Al-Haram in Makkah. People use the significant night to seek forgiveness for the deceased.
It is portrayed that on the 15th night of Shaban, the left souls (Arwaah) of the Muslims visit the places of their companions and relatives on the night and announce: “O individuals of the house! You stay in our homes and appreciate the riches that we have abandoned. You utilize our kids and take work from them; please perform our Esaale Sawaab. Verily our deeds have finished, while your record of deeds is still spread”.
Various Islamic scholars suggest special prayers during the 15th night of Shaban. Based on (Hadith) of Prophet Muhammad (SAW), the meaning of which is that during the 15th night of Shaban month,
Allah will say,
“Is there any person repenting so that I forgive him? And any person seeking provision. So that I provide for him, and any person with distress so that I relieve him, and so on until dawn.”
Reported by Ibn Majah.
It is the night between the 14th and 15th of this month. Traditions of Prophet Muhammad demonstrate that it is a good night in which the people of the earth are gone by uncommon Divine Mercy.
Abu Musa al-Ashari says that Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) told:
“Our Lord descends to the lowest heaven on the night of the middle of Shaban and forgives the occupants of the Earth except for the one who associates partners with Allah and one who harbors hatred.”
The Holy Prophet (saw.) had said that during the 15th night of Shaban, the Almighty takes decisions in sustenance, life and death, and welfare of the people.
How to Welcome the 15th night of Shaban?
On this beautiful 15th night of Shaban, you ought to perform Ghusal and Wudhu and the two Rakaat of Tahhiyatul Wudhu. In every Rakaat, after the Suratul Fatiha, you ought to peruse Ayatul Kursi once and Surah Ahad three times. Likewise, perform eight Rakaats of Salaah with four Salaams. In every Rakaat after the Surah Fatiha, you must peruse the Ayatul Kursi (once) and Surah Ahad fifty times.
Dua and Supplication for the 15th night of Shaban
The 15th night of Shaban, known as the month of Magfirah, means to seek forgiveness. Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW) advised His companion to seek forgiveness in this month as much as possible.
أسْتَغْفِرُ اللهَ رَبي مِنْ كُلِ ذَنبٍ وَأتُوبُ إلَيهِ
I ask forgiveness of my sins from Allah, my Lord, and I turn towards Him.
Recite the following Prayer,
لاَ إِلٰهَ إِلاَّ ٱللَّهُ وَلاَ نَعْبُدُ إِلاَّ إِيَّاهُ مُخْلِصِينَ لَهُ ٱلدِّينَ وَلَوْ كَرِهَ ٱلْمُشْرِكُون
There is no god save Allah. We do not worship save “He” alone, making religion pure for Him (only); However, the disbelievers are averse.
In this way, a practicing Muslim must esteem this month as explained in the hadiths of the Prophet (PBUH). So, that the Shaban month is unique, and conferring great deeds in this month carries exceptional value. And can help a Muslim increase countless favors from Allah Almighty in addition to receiving pardon and forgiveness.
Recite 3rd Kalima as much as possible,
سُبْحَان اللهِ وَالْحَمْدُلِلّهِ وَلا إِلهَ إِلّااللّهُ وَاللّهُ أكْبَرُ وَلا حَوْلَ وَلاَ قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِاللّهِ الْعَلِيِّ الْعَظِيْم
“Glory be to Allah, and all praise is to Allah, there is none worthy of worship except Allah, Allah is the Greatest. There is no might or power except Allah, the Exalted, the Great One. “
لَا حَوْلَ وَلَا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِٱللَّٰهِ ٱلْعَلِيِّ ٱلْعَظِيمِ
“There is no power nor strength except by Allah the Lofty, the Great.”
On this 15th night of Shaban, perform Nawaafil, recount the Quran Shareef, present copious Durood Shareef, Istighfaar, and Kalima Tayyibah.
اَللّٰھُمَّ صَلِّ عَلٰی مُحَمَّدٍ وَّعَلٰٓی اٰلِ مُحَمَّدٍ کَمَا صَلَّیْتَ عَلٰٓی اِبْرَاھِیْمَ وَعَلٰٓی اٰلِ اِبْرَاھِیْمَ اِنَّکَ حَمِیْدٌ مَّجِیْدٌ اَللّٰھُمَّ بَارِکْ عَلٰی مُحَمَّدٍ وَّعَلٰٓی اٰلِ مُحَمَّدٍ کَمَا بَارَکْتَ عَلٰٓی اِبْرَاھِیْمَ وَعَلٰٓی اٰلِ اِبْرَاھِیْمَ اِنَّکَ حَمِیْدٌ مَّجِیْدٌ
O Allah, let Your Blessings come upon Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) and the family of Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him), as you have blessed Ibrahim and his family. Indeed, You are Praiseworthy and Glorious. Allah, bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, as you have blessed Ibrahim and his family. Indeed, You are Praiseworthy and Glorious.
لآ اِلَهَ اِلّا اللّهُ مُحَمَّدٌ رَسُوُل اللّهِ
There is no God but Allah Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.
Likewise, if one peruses Surah Dukhan seven times on this 15th night of Shaban, Almighty Allah will compensate you with 70 everyday needs and 70 deeds for the Hereafter.
Fasting on 15th of Shaban:
Prophet Muhammad (SAW) used to fast in the month of Shaban as much other than Ramazan and advised His companions to fast in this month.
Usamah ibn Zaid correlated to increased fasting of Prophet Muhammad in Shaban, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said:
“That is a month to which people do not pay much attention, between Rajab and Ramadan. It is a month in which the deeds are taken up to the Lord of the worlds, and I like that my deeds be taken up when I am fasting.”
On the day promptly taking after the Night of Bara’ah, i.e., the 15th night of Shaban, it is mustahabb (tactful) to keep fast. Prophet Muhammad (SAW) is accounted for to have prescribed this fast earnestly.
Even though the researchers of hadith have a few questions in the validity of this report, it is specified prior that the fasts of the first a large portion of Shaban have extraordinary benefits and Prophet Muhammad (SAW), used to fast the vast majority of the days in Sha’ban. In addition, countless older folks (salaf) of the Ummah have been watching the fast of this night. This consistent practice shows that they have acknowledged the pertinent hadith as valid.
Therefore, it is advisable to fast this night as an optional (nafl) fast. One can likewise keep a fast of qada on this day, and it is trusted that he can likewise benefit from this 15th night of Shaban fast.
Seek forgiveness from Allah Almighty at every moment with the Beleive that He is merciful and Forgave your sins.
Allah says in Surah Az-Zumar,
قُلْ يَٰعِبَادِىَ ٱلَّذِينَ أَسْرَفُوا۟ عَلَىٰٓ أَنفُسِهِمْ لَا تَقْنَطُوا۟ مِن رَّحْمَةِ ٱللَّهِ ۚ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ يَغْفِرُ ٱلذُّنُوبَ جَمِيعًا ۚ إِنَّهُۥ هُوَ ٱلْغَفُورُ ٱلرَّحِيمُ
Say, “O My servants who have transgressed against themselves [by sinning], do not despair of the mercy of Allāh. Indeed, Allāh forgives all sins. Indeed, it is He who is the Forgiving, the Merciful.”
And it is also mentioned in the Hadith-Qudsia,
“O son of Adam, so long as you call upon Me and ask of Me, I shall forgive you for what you have done, and I shall not mind. O son of Adam were your sins to reach the clouds of the sky, and were you then to ask forgiveness of Me; I would forgive you. O son of Adam were you to come to Me with sins nearly as great as the earth and were you then to face Me, ascribing no partner to Me, I would bring you forgiveness nearly as great as it.