A number of miracles were grant upon and performed by Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) to establish the proof of his Prophet hood. The greatest miracle bestowed upon Prophet (peace b upon him) was the revelation of the Qur’an. Unlike the miracles of other Prophets before him, the miracle of the Qur’an is eternal. Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) also provided us with a number of true prophecies.
How the Miracle Splitting of the Moon occured?
“The Hour has drawn near, and the moon has been cleft asunder” [Qur’an 54:1]
One of the times when Allah SWT performed miracles at the hand of the Prophet (peace be upon him) was when the Meccans demanded to see a miracle from him to show his truthfulness. Allah SWT split the moon in two separate halves and then re-joined them. The miracle of the splitting of moon occurred before the migration to Medina.
Narrated by Abdullah:
“The moon was cleft asunder while we were in the company of the Prophet, and it became two parts. The Prophet said, Witness, witness (this miracle)” Volume 6, Book 60, Number 388
Quraish polytheists said to the Prophet (peace be upon him):
“If you truly are a Prophet that has been appointed by Allah, then split the moon in half. Let it be in such a way that one half will appear over the Mount Abu Qubais and the other half will be seen over Mount Quayqian.”
The Prophet (peace be upon him) asked:
“If I do it, will you become Muslims?”
The polytheists answered:
“Yes, we will”
When it was full moon, the Prophet (peace be upon him) wanted Allah SWT to give him the miracle which the polytheists demanded from him.
The Gabriel (AS) informed the Prophet (peace be upon him) that Allah SWT had accepted his Prayer, He announced it to the Meccans. The polytheists witnessed the splitting of the moon on the 14th night.
Moon in Half:
When Allah Almighty let the moon split in half, One half standing over Mount Abu Qubais and the other half over Mount Quayqian, the Prophet (peace be upon him) shouted at Muslims:
And to the polytheists, he said,
“Bear witness! So and so!”
However, the polytheists said :
“This is one of the spells of Abu Kabsha’s Son.” “The son of Abu Kabsha cast a spell on you!”
They said :
“Muhammad cast a spell on us!”
Some of them also said:
“If Muhammad had cast a spell on us then, He couldn’t have cast a spell on everyone! Let us ask the wayfarers who came from the surrounding areas if they saw what we saw.”
They asked the people who came from every everywhere
“Yes! We also did see the moon in that state! We saw the moon as split!”
However, the polytheists rejected to be Muslims and to believe by saying:
“This is a prevalent magic!”, they said: “Abu Talib’s orphan affected the sky with his spell!”
Mystical Journey in Quran:
The mystical journey is mentioned in the AlQuran:
“Exalted is He who took His Servant [Prophet Muhammad] by night from al-Masjid al-Haram to al-Masjid al-Aqsa, whose surroundings We have blessed, to show him of Our signs. Indeed, He is the Hearing, the Seeing.” (Surat Al-Isra 17:1)
“So will you dispute with him over what he saw? And he certainly saw him in another descent at the Lote Tree of the Utmost Boundary – near it is the Garden of Refuge (Paradise) – when there covered the Lote Tree that which covered (it). The sight (of the Prophet) did not swerve, nor did it transgress (its limit). He certainly saw of the greatest signs of his Lord.” (Surat An-Najm 53:12-18)
There are many other miracles which the Prophet performed related in the Sunnah,
Miracles like: Food Multiplication, Water Multiplication,Supplication for Rain,Crying of the stem of the Date-palm Tree,The Speech of the Wolf,The Prophet’s Night Journey to Jerusalem and Ascent to the Heavens (Miraj),