What is Haq Mehr in Islam?
Haq Mehr is the obligation in Islam in the form of money or possessions paid by the groom to the bride at the time of marriage.
The Sharia, or Islamic law, has not fixed or even recommended any amount, which could be called the sharai Haq mahr.
Property of the Wife (Haq Mahr)
“Haq mahr (Dower) is a wife’s right, which gets tied up on the husband once the marriage is contracted. It is entirely payable after the culmination of marriage. But if divorce happens before the fulfillment of marriage, then a large portion of the Haq mahr is obliged to pay unless the wife or her guardians waive it. Allah said:
“And give unto the women, (whom ye marry) gift of their marriage portions….”
Allah Almighty also says:
“And those of whom ye seek content (by marrying them), give unto them their portions as a duty….”
The Haq mahr (Dower) is the sole property of the wife, and neither parents nor other relatives have any directly over it. Now and again, male relatives unlawfully take away the Haq mahr without the lady setting eyes on it, making it resemble a deal. According to the Shari’ah, the Haq mahr should also be reasonable. There is no fixed amount of Haq mahr in the Shari’ah. So, according to the husband’s financial status and the time and place, it is according to the husband’s financial status.
Types of Haq mahr:
Depending on the mode of payment, there are two kinds of Mehr:
- The mu’ajjal or prompt
The amount of mahr given to the bride at the signing of the marriage contract is called Muajjul, and the portion that is promised but deferred is called ghaire muajjal, which is paid after the completion of the marriage.
- The muwajjal or deferred
The deferred payment is allowed for those who might be expecting remittances later. But unnecessarily delaying the payment is not true to the contract. No one is exempt from paying the Haq mahr.
Even the Prophet (PBUH) has been told,
“O Prophet, We have made permissible for you the wives whose dower you have paid….”
When Hazrat Ali came to the Prophet to ask for the hand of Bibi Fatima, the first thing the Prophet asked him was,
“Do you have anything to give as mahr?”
He said he had a horse and a saddle. He sold his saddle for 480 dirhams and brought it to the Prophet. The immediate needs of the bride and the new household were met with this amount. The concept of dowery, or giving endless amounts of household goods and gifts by the bride’s family, does not exist in Islam.
In Surah al-Nisa, Allah says
وَءَاتُوا۟ ٱلنِّسَآءَ صَدُقَٰتِهِنَّ نِحْلَةً ۚ فَإِن طِبْنَ لَكُمْ عَن شَىْءٍ مِّنْهُ نَفْسًا فَكُلُوهُ هَنِيٓـًٔا مَّرِيٓـًٔا
“And give the women [upon marriage] their [bridal] gifts graciously. But if they give up willingly to you anything of it, then take it in satisfaction and ease..”
Nowadays, marriages are being led with extraordinary ceremonies and shows in which much wealth is misused, on the off chance that, as opposed to spending such a significant amount on extra things. The top need is given to the installment of Haq mahr; it would mean satisfying a religious commitment. It would likewise be all the more following the Quranic directives. And the example of the Prophet could give some security to the bride, particularly if she can contribute the amount beneficially.